JAMES AUMONIER RI (1832-1911) Painter of pastoral scenes in oil and watercolour. A Londoner from Camberwell he studied at the Birkbeck Institute, Malborough House and South Kensington Schools. An exhibitor at the RA from 1870 he is best known for his tranquil rural scenes featuring sheep or cattle. He was elected to the ANWS in 1876 and the NWS in 1879. He died in London.

GEORGE HENRY ANDREWS RWS (1816-1898) Lambeth born landscape and marine painter in oil and watercolour. He exhibited at the RA and the OWS. Examples of his work are in the Victoria and Albert Museum and the National Museum of Wales amongst others.
Bibl: M Bryan - Dictionary of Painters and Engravers - 1903.
H.M. Cundall - History of British Watercolour Painting - 1929.

THOMAS BARKER OF BATH (1769-1847) One of the family of Barkers of Bath. Painted landscapes in oil and watercolour.

ANTAL BERKES (1874-1938) Hungarian painter born in Budapest. Studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest1889-1894. Lived in Paris at the turn of the century and painted during the 'Belle Epoque.' Known for his City landscapes that were immensely popular. Sometimes used the pseudonym 'Barkoczy.

ALFRED WALTER BAYES RE (1831-1909) Born in Lumbutts near Todmordon he settled in London where he attended Heatherley's Art School. He painted genre and portraits in oil and watercolour. He was also inclined towards biblical paintings and landscapes. He exhibited at the RA 1858-1908 and widely elsewhere including the York City Art Gallery' where his 'Day Dreams' can be seen.
Bibl: Catalogue of the Franco-British Exhibition London - 1908

SIR GEORGE BEAUMONT (1753-1827) A patron of the arts he encouraged Constable, Wordsworth and Coleridge and was a leading founder of the National Gallery. He succeeded to a baronetcy in 1762 and was MP for Beeralston between 1790-1796. Toured Europe extensively where he collected and painted. His stance on artistic taste, he was a critic of JM Turner, earned him the epithet of 'Principal Dictator on Works of Art.
Bibl: M Greaves - Regency Patron, Sir GB., 1966.
W.A. Knight - Memorials of Coleorton - 1887

ARTHUR GEORGE BELL RI ROI (1849-1916.) Born in London and studied at the Slade School. Exhibited at the RA from 1879. Was also a book illustrator. He also studied in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts.

MAE BENNETT-BROWN (c.1887-1973) Mae Bennett-Brown was born in Nottingham to parents who worked in the theatre. In 1913 she travelled to Boston USA on the passenger liner 'Arabic' and again in 1920 on the 'Saint Paul.' By 1930 she had moved to the artist's colony of Rockport. At the outbreak of World War II she was back in England but soon settled again in the USA where she earned a living giving drawing lessons and accepting commissions for her pastel drawings of flowers and dogs. Biographies describe her as American but whether or not she took American citizenship is not, at present, known.

JOHN LAMORNA BIRCH RA RWS (1869-1955) Took the name 'Lamorna' to distinguish himself from another artist called 'Birch.' Born in Cheshire and chiefly self taught. Settled in Lamorna Cove in Devon. And exhibited at the RA from 1892. His emphasis on colour, light, truth and realism is in the tradition of his circle that, according to some, was revolutionary in the history of British Art. Examples of his work are numerous can be seen in the British Museum, Glasgow Art Gallery, Hove Library amongst others.

JESUS MONTERDE BLASCO (1919-1995) Spanish born comic book illustrator who started drawing for Spanish comics while a teenager. In Britain he was employed by The Comet' to draw Buffalo Bill later moving on to draw Robin Hood. His most known work is probably "The Steel Claw' which he drew for 'The Valiant' in the 1970's. Illustrated British comics in the 1960's and 70's. His work for younger children has been described as 'cute.'

WILLIAM HENRY BORROW (1863-1901) Born in London and painted marines and landscapes. He lived in Hastings for much of his career and the museums there have some of his works. He exhibited at the RA 1863-90.
Bibl: Brook Hart - British 19th Century Marine Painting - 1974

SAMUEL BOUGH RSA (1822-1878.) A landscape painter in oils and watercolour. Born in Carlisle. He exhibited 15 works at the Royal Academy between 1856-76. He painted mostly in Scotland and the North-east of England.

HERCULES BRABAZON BRABAZON (1821-1906.) The son of landed gentry who inherited vast wealth. Studied under Alfred Downing Fripp but was largely self-taught. Travelled extensively and painted in a plein air style in the manner of Turner, Cox and de Wint.
Bibl: D. Brooke-Hart - British 19th Century Marine painting -1974.

LIONEL BULMER RWS NEA, RWS (1919-1992) Along with his wife Margaret Green they formed one of the most durable husband and wife artistic partnerships. Originally inspired by Wilson Steer he and his wife bought a delapidated mediaval house near Stowmarket where they build a studio from which they ventured forth to paint in and around the Waldersbeck/Southwold shore line. Bulmer was a member of the New English Art Club and the RWS. Much of his work illustrates the influence of pointellism. He exhibitted frequently at the RA. Bulmer died in 1992.

ADELAIDE LOUISA BURDETT (C.1820-1890) Very little is known about this young lady who was wealthy enough to do the grand tour. An amateur artist of limited ability but whose large portfolio contained works of naïve charm typical of the genre.

WILLIAM CALLOW RWS (1812-1908) English landscape painter born in Greenwich London. Drawing tutor to the family Louis Philippe of France. Shared a studio in Paris with Thomas Shotter Boys (1803-74.) Travelled extensively on long walking and sketching holidays in Europe. Set himself up as a drawing master in London from 1841. Renown for picturesque topographical scenes. Died aged 96 in Great Missenden.
Bibl: William Callow - Jan Reynolds - Batsford Books (1980) isbn 0 7134 1438 3

HENRY BARLOW CARTER (1803-1867) Painted landscapes and marines. He had moved to Scarborough by 1830 where he became a drawing master and many of his paintings are of the harbour there. His style is influenced by JW Turner.
Bibl: L Binyon Catalogue of Drawings by British Artists in the British Museum 1898-1907.
Brook Hart - British 19th Century Marine Painting - 1974.
Victoria and Albert Museum - Catalogue of Watercolour Paintings - 1980.

CHARLES CATTERMOLE RI RBA (1832-1900) Painted in oils and watercolour. The nephew of George Cattermole (1800-1868) and like his uncle painted mainly historical subjects. The British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum have examples of his work.

MRS H CHAMPION (fl 1868-1885) Painter of figure subjects who exhibitted at SS, RA and NWS. Not much is known about this artist although she painted some delightful female studies which are very popular and much in demand.

THEOBALD CHARTRAN (1849-1907) Classic French painter. As 'T' he was an illustrator for 'Vanity Fair' magazine. Painted the portrait of Theodore Roosevelt's who disliked his unmasculine image so much he had it destroyed. However a portrait of Roosevelt's daughter Alice by Chartran survives.

RENE COKE (1905-1995) London born illustrator of childrens' books who spent much of her life in Plymouth before moving to Wimbledon. She illustrated many Enid Blytons' books as well as "Alice in Wonderland,' 'Wind in the Willows' and Blackie's Annual. She was a well know for her fairy subjects, greeting card designs and postcards.

WILLIAM STEPHEN COLMAN (1829-1919) A surgeon who turned to art. Born in London he painted in the manner of M.B. Foster (1825-1899.) He illustrated childrens' books and also worked for the 'London Almanack.' as well as for Mintons where he designed plates and tiles. Works by him are in the Glasgow Art Gallery and the V+A.
Bibl: Catalogue of Glasgow Art Gallery - 1906.

ANTHONY VANDYKE COPLEY FIELDING (1787-1855) Born in Sowerby near Halifax in West Yorkshire. A pupil of John Varley (1778-1842.) He won a gold medal at the Paris Salon in 1824 along with John Constable. He began exhibiting watercolours at the Old Watercolour Society from 1810 and rose to become its President in 1831 until his death. Copley Fielding's marines and landscapes in watercolour and oil were extremely popular and are keenly collected today. Examples of his work are held in major museums and art galleries. Amongst his best works were of the Sussex Downs, storms at sea and drawings of mountainous scenery in Scotland, Wales and the north of England. The V+A in London has a catalogue of his works. He exhibited 17 oils at the RA (1811-42) and his popularity made him one of the most sought after drawing masters. The critic Ruskin championed him saying, 'his precision of painting a breaking wave or the race of a running tide were exceptional.' He died in Worthing, Sussex.

SIR WILLIAM CROTCH (1775-1847) A child prodigy he was performing publicly on the organ and piano when four years old. He studied music at Cambridge at the age of eleven and by 1790 had been appointed the organist at Christ Church Oxford. Principally known for his music - he became Principal of the Royal Academy of Music - he was an amateur watercolourist influenced by John Baptist Malchair (1731-1812.) His work is sometimes confused with that of Constable (1776-1837.)

WILLIAM EDWARDS CROXFORD (fl. 1871-1896.) Landscape painter who lived in London, Hastings and Cornwall. A painter of coastal and marine scenes. Exhibited at the RA.

SAMUEL DAWSON (C19th) Scottish painter of interior cottage scenes and rustic genre.

THOMAS RICHARD COLMAN DIBDIN (1810-1893) Born in Bletchworth Surrey he was a landscape and townscape painter in the manner of W. Callow (1812-1908.) Locations usually Belgium, France and Germany. Examples of his work are in the Victoria and Albert Museum, Portsmouth City Museum and Sydney Art Gallery amongst others. 'A Guide to Watercolour Paintings' was published by him in 1859.
Bibl: C.E. Hughes - Early English Watercolours - 1950

JAMES DRUMMOND RSA RSA (1816-1877) Scottish historcal genre painter. He exhibited at the RSA at the age of eighteen and was elected to the ARSA in 1845 and the RSA in 1852. Prince Albert purchased two of his paintings which now hang in Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Both these paintings were published in the AJ of 1877. He exhibited mostly at the RSA but did send a few works to London. Many of his paintings are rich in historical detail and are valued by antiquarians. He became Curator of the Edinburgh National Gallery in 1868. He died in the city in 1887.

CHARLES HERBERT EASTLAKE RBA (fl. 1889-c1930.) Studied in Paris and Antwerp and exhibited at the RA between 1892-1900. His wife Caroline H Eastlake was also a painter and is represented in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Bibl Studio XXXVI. 1906; XXXVIII, 1906.

ALBERT MOULTON FOWERAKER RSBA (1873-1942.) Born in Exeter. His moonlight scenes with their dark blue hue are popular. Toured Spain, North Africa and France between 1900-1920. Also painted locally in Devon and Cornwall.

ALFRED DOWNING FRIPP RWS (1822-1895.) Born in Bristol and the younger brother of George Arthur Fripp also a painter. After 1854 he painted mostly Italian subjects. Exhibited at the RA in 1848. He was a grandson of Nicholas Pocock 1740-1821.

JOSEPH FUSSELL (1818-1912) Painted marines countryside views religious subjects and still lifes. He studied at the RA schools from 1838. Born in Birmingham he spent most of his life in Nottingham working as an art teacher before emigrating to Canada in 1903. Examples of his work can be seen in the Castle Museum Nottingham.

REV WILLIAM GILPIN (1724-1804) Rev Gilpin was one of Britain's first art theorists. He invented the term 'picturesque.' He believed that nature needed to be manipulated in order to give an ideal representation that was pleasing to the eye. He might, for example, add a ruined castle to the left of a landscape to give harmony and balance. He published a series of books based on his walking tours of the 1760's and 1770's. These were successful and made his name. Gilpin did not develop his art theories but was a significant influence on others who followed him in both art and architecture. He was born in Scaleby Castle, Carlise and attended Queen's College Oxford. He was later appointed Headmaster of Cheam School which he ran on enlightened principles introducing fines in place of corporal punishment. Examples of his work can be found in the British Museum, the V+A London and the Whitworth Art Gallery University of Manchester among others. He died in Boldre Hampshire where he had been vicar.

PETER GRAHAM ROI (1959- ) Scottish colourist. Graduated from Gasgow School of Art in 1980 and was elected to the ROI in 2000. A fascination with colour dominates his work. Examples of Peter's work can be found in the National Galleries of Scotland, Royal Academy, Manchester City Art Gallery, National Gallery of Victoria in Australia and Tyne and Wear Galleries and in many prominant private collections.

JOHN HAGGIS (1897-1968) A Londoner who studied art in Australia. Painted many landscapes in Britain particularly in Yorkshire and around Welwyn. Exhibited widely including the RA and the Paris Salon. Also painted portraits. The British Museum has some of his works.

KEELEY HALSWELLE RI ARSA (1832-1891) A Scottish genre and landscape painter from a London based family. Studied at the Scottish Academy. Employed as an illustrator on the 'London Illustrated News.' Visited Rome in 1868 from where he obtained much material for later Italian paintings. Halswelle is noted for his painting of the Thames. He exhibited at the RA between 1862-9.
Bibl: AJ 1879 pp.49-52

WILLIAM HENRY HARRIOT RBA (fl. 1811-1839) He was a clerk in the War Office who spent many months each year sketching in Europe. He painted landscapes and buildings. He exhibited at the RA 1811-1837 and widely elsewhere.
Bibl: Portfolio 1897 p.78.
L. Binyon - Catalogue of Drawings by British Artists in the British Museum - 1900.

HENRY E HOBSON (1820-1870) Henry Edington Hobson came from an artistic family and married into one. He was the son of the Bath engraver and watercolourist Henry Hobson. His mother was also an artist and his wife, a still life painter, was the daughter of J Hardy (1801-1878.) He studied at the RA Schools from 1843 and specialised in genre and rustic subjects. In 1857 he exhibited, 'The Ivy Wreath' at the RA in London. Amongst his works are a number of watercolours depicting portraits of pretty girls which were, no doubt, popular and profitable.

JAMES HOLLAND ARWS (1799-1870.) Born in Burslem. His mother taught him to paint flowers on porcelain. Early watercolours were influenced by Bonington. Moved to London and toured Europe extensively. Buried in Highgate Cemetery.
Bibl: James Holland - The Forgotten Artist - Steve Bond - Churnet Valley Books (1999) isbn 1-897949-49-9.

WILLIAM AYERST INGRAM RBA RI ROI (1855-1913) Scottish landscape and seascape painter. He exhibited widely; including the RA and the Fine Art Society. In 1888 he became the President of the 'Royal British Colonial Society of Artists.' Two huge marines of his are displayed on the staircase in Falmouth Town Hall. Examples of his work are in the Greenwich Museum, London.

LLEWELLYN PETLEY JONES (1908-1986) A Canadian who lived in Richmond Surrey. He came to London in 1934. and was commissioned to paint portraits of the Queen and Prince Philip which now hang in the Albert Parliament in Canada.

DAME LAURA KNIGHT DBE, RA, RWS (1877-1970) Joined the Nottingham school of Art at the age of 13. First painting exhibitted at the Royal Acedemy in 1903. In 1908 she moved, with her husband, to Lamorna, Cornwall. Later interests included the circus, theatre and ballet where she honed her drawing skills seeking accuracy with as few pencil strokes as possible. In 1928 she became only the second woman to be made an Associate of the R.A. By 1932, she had been elected President of the Society of Woman Artists. Commissions include the Nuremburg trials and the 1952 Coronation. Laura Knight died aged 93 years old.

CHARLES SILLEM LIDDERDALE RBA (1831-1895.) Born in London and entered the RA Schools in 1851. He exhibited at the RA between 1851-93. Painted young pretty girls in oil and watercolour.
Bibl AJ 1859 p.165; 1868 p.278

PAUL MARNEY (1829-1914) Born in Paris and lived in Belfast and Scarborough. Painted landscapes and marines. Spent his remaining days in Scarborough where he sold his paintings through the local dealer.

HENRY MEASHAM RCA (1844-1922) Born in Manchester. He was a landscape and portrait painter and exhibited at the RA. Manchester and Salford Art galleries have examples of his work.

THOMAS WILLIAM MORLEY (1859-1925) Painted coastal scenes and landscapes in watercolour. Morley's works are impressionistic in style and less precise in detail than earlier Victorian watercolourists.

THOMAS MORTIMER (fl. C.1900) Painted coastal scenes and harbours with a continental backdrop sometimes in pairs. His marine scenes are in the style of Thomas Bush Hardy (1842-1897.)

WILLIAM OLIVER (fl.1865-1897) He painted genre and figurative subject particularly half length figures of girls. A London artist he exhibited 15 works at the Royal Academy and is well represented in the National Collection. For other examples see the BBC WEBSITE.

BENJAMIN JOHN OTTEWELL HRI (c.1860-1937) Landscape painter who exhibited four works at the RA. He was a drawing master to Princess Beatrice and Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales bought some of his work. Victoria wrote that she had seen 'some beautiful sketches by an artist by the name of Ottewell.' He later worked for King George V and Queen Mary around Sandringham.

GEORGE OYSTON (c1860-c1937) Oyston was the son of an engineer. Born in North Shields he painted landscapes in oil and watercolour and exhibited many of these at the Berwick Club in Newcastle. He was in London by 1891 and by 1897 is to be found in Walton-on-Thames and Shepperton painting landscapes. He exhibited at the Royal Institute of Painters and the Royal Society of British artists. He also painted in Surrey and Hampshire.

JULES ERNEST RENOUX (1863-1932) French impressionist born at Romeny-sur-Marne in France. The town has established a museum about his life and work. Renoux painted at the height of the impressionistic period.

VIMIERA ROBE: (died 1893.) The youngest daughter of Sir William Robe a popular Lieutenant - Colonel in the British Army. Vimiera appears to have been named after the Battle of Vimiera in August 1808 in which her father fought and defeated Napoleon forces. Vimiera described herself on the 1891 census as a 'spinster and the daughter of an officer.' She lived in Woolwich opposite the Common although the house has been demolished.

THOMAS CHARLES LEESON ROWBOTHAM RI (1823-1875) Landscape painter in watercolour. Exhibited at the RA in 1840 and 1848. Appointed Professor of Drawing at the Royal Navel School in London. Son of Thomas Leeson Rowbotham (1783-1853) and father of Claude Hamilton Rowbotham (1864-1949.) Painted Italian subjects by seas and lakes even though he had never set foot in Italy.
Bibl: For Father and Son: AJ 1875 p.280. J King 'The Rowbotham Family' Watercolours Magazine Winter 1993.

MAX SINCLAIR Produced many fine detailed landscape/coastal paintings but I've also seen numerous works depicting ships. He painted landscapes in the North-West of England but other paintings are set in various coastal locations including the Isle of Man.

DILLWYN SMITH (BORN 1958) Contemporary artist who recently designed footwear in collaboration with the designer Paul Smith. He studied at the Canterbury College of Art and the Royal College of Art where he gained his MA in 1986. He has been a visiting artist and lecturer in art at the National Gallery.

WILLIAM STEPHEN TOMKIN (1861-1940) Marine and landscape painter born in Kent. Worked as a draughtsman for General Pitt Rivers - the father of Archaeology - and illustrated two of his books. Exhibited at the RA in 1909.

ALFRED GOMERSAL VICKERS (1810-1837) The son of Alfred Vickers (1786-1868.) He died at the age of 27 and his paintings are not numerous. He exhibited at the RA and visited Russia. Examples of his work are in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

ARTHUR WILLETT (1857-1918) Lived in Brighton and painted landscapes mainly of Sussex. Examples of his work are in Brighton Art Gallery. He exhibited at the RA including one work in 1885 called, 'Mill Stream - Arundel Sussex - Early Spring.'

JOHN YARDLEY RI (1933-) Painter in watercolour and oils. Born in Beverley and now based in Surrey, John is self taught. He began painting professionally in 1986 after a career in banking and was awarded best newcomer at the RWS. Yardley is a leading watercolourist and oil painter and is becoming internationally recognised.

ALEXANDER YOUNG (fl.1889-93) Noted for his fishing port scenes around Scotland (Pitween) but also painted landscapes. Exhibited at the RA.

ANNIE MARY YOUNGMAN RI (1859-1919) Her father and teacher was John M Youngman (1817-1899.) She painted genre and still life in watercolour. She exhibited at the RA, the NWS and the 1893 exhibition for women painters in Chicago that was claimed to be 'the greatest meeting of artists since the 15th century.' It was especially so for the women exhibitors who, during this period, were still not accepted as equals to men in the art world.
Bibl: W. Shaw-Sparrow - Women Painters of the World - 1905.

RA - Royal Academy
RWS - Royal Watercolour Society (formerly Old Watercolour Society
RSA - Royal Scottish Academy
RI - Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour (formerly New Watercolour Society, NWS)
RBA - Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, SS)
RSBA - Royal Society of British Artists
ROI - Royal Institute of Painters in Oil Colours
RCA - Royal Cambrian Academy
ARSA - Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy
RE - Royal Society of Painters and Etchers
HRI - Honorary Member of the Royal Institute of Painters in watercolour.